A Review of Minimally Invasive Strabismus Surgery (MISS): Is This the Way Forward?

Asproudis I., Kozeis N., Katsanos A., Jain S., Tranos P., Konstas A.


Minimally invasive surgery is rapidly becoming the norm in medicine, as it often leads to better outcomes and earlier rehabilitation. This article reviews the principles and different techniques employed to perform minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS). In these techniques, strabismus surgery is performed through keyhole openings, thus reducing the risk of postoperative corneal complications, minimizing postoperative discomfort, and better preserving muscle function. MISS can be used to perform all types of strabismus surgery, namely rectus muscle recessions, resections, plications, reoperations, retroequatorial myopexy, transpositions, oblique muscle recessions, or plications even in the presence of limited motility. Of note, ocular alignment outcomes with MISS versus more traditional techniques have not been compared in randomized trials. Consequently, more controlled evidence is still needed to better delineate the future role and value of MISS in clinical management.


Conjunctival incisions, MISS, Minimally invasive strabismus surgery, Ophthalmology, Squint surgery, Strabismus surgery

PMID: 28251554, DOI: 10.1007/s12325-017-0498-7

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Source: Pubmed