Visual function and subjective perception of visual ability after macular hole surgery



To evaluate the functional and anatomical results of macular hole surgery and to explore its effect on patients’ Health-Related Quality Of Life (HR-QOL) and to investigate the associations between self-reported HR-QOL and conventional measures of visual function.


Case series.


The National Eye Institute 25-Item Visual Function Questionnaire (VFQ-25) and the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were self-administered by 30 patients before and 4 months after macular hole surgery. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative clinical data were collected including visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and metamorphopsia. Multi-item scales rating different aspects of HR-QOL were compared before and after surgery, and their correlation with traditional methods of outcome evaluation was analyzed.


Macular hole closure was achieved in 26 patients (87%). Mean LogMAR visual acuity improved by 6 +/- 10 letters for distance and 7 +/- 12 letters for near. Metamorphopsia was reduced by a mean of 35 +/- 70 squares on Amsler chart, and Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity decreased by a mean of -0.09 +/- 0.3 log units postoperatively. The VFQ-25 composite score as well as scale scores associated with general vision, near vision, vision-related mental health, and role difficulties were significantly improved (P < .05) after successful closure of macular hole. Conversely out of the eight SF-36 health concepts, limitation in usual role activities because of emotional problems was the only one that significantly improved postoperatively. Both baseline and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity significantly correlated with most of the VFQ subscale scores before and after surgery, respectively.


In this case-series, macular hole surgery appears to have a beneficial effect on patients’ subjective perception of visual function. The use of vision-targeted health status questionnaires in conjunction with detailed clinical examination provides a more comprehensive overview of individuals’ daily well-being after surgical intervention. Further controlled studies are required to confirm our findings.

Πατήστε εδώ για να δείτε τη δημοσίευση

Source: Pubmed